Diamine-functionalized metal–organic framework: exceptionally high CO2 capacities from ambient air and flue gas, ultrafast CO2 uptake rate, and adsorption mechanism

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author Chang Seop Hong
journal Energy Environ. Sci., 2014, 7, 744–751
Homepage http://immlab.korea.ac.kr/


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A framework en-Mg2(dobpdc) (1-en; en = ethylenediamine) functionalized with the primary amine en was prepared via postmodification. From synchrotron PXRD data, it is revealed that the cell parameters change upon grafting of en and CO2 uptake. The adsorbed CO2 amount of1-en is 4.57 mmol g−1 (16.7 wt%) at 25 °C and 1 bar and decreases to 3.00 mmol g−1 (11.7 wt%) at 150 °C. Noticeably, 1-en shows a significant CO2 uptake (3.62 mmol g−1, 13.7 wt%) at 0.15 bar, which is comparable to the CO2 partial pressure of a post-combustion flue gas. The CO2 capacity of 1-en at 0.39 mbar, close to atmospheric CO2 concentration, is 2.83 mmol g−1(11.1 wt%), which marks the highest amount among MOFs. The isosteric heat of adsorption (−Qst) of 1-en in CO2 capture corresponds to 49–51 kJ mol−1, which is supported by DFT calculations (−52.8 kJ mol−1). These results suggest that the adsorption of CO2 onto the free amines of en leads to the formation of a carbamic acid. Adsorption–desorption cyclings of CO2at the real dilute concentrations of air and flue gas are established with almost retaining CO2capacities, which could provide superior potential for practical application in CO2 capture. The adsorption rate of CO2 in 1-en exceeds that in some other tested porous materials. The recyclability in CO2 uptake for 1-en is maintained even after exposure to humidity.




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